Australia’s New South Wales (NSW) state government has released the report of its 10 month Parliamentary Inquiry into nanotechnology. The Inquiry recognised the serious health and environment risks of nanoparticles and called for new safety testing and mandatory labelling of nanoparticles used in consumer products and workplaces. However the Inquiry ignored calls for critical examination of nanotechnology’s social and economic implications, and for public participation in decision making over research priorities, governance and regulation.