The field is evolving so rapidly that even scientists working in it don’t agree on a definition, but in essence synthetic biology (synbio) is an extreme version of genetic engineering. Instead of swapping genes from one species to another (as in genetic engineering), synthetic biology creates entirely new forms of life – Synthetically Modified Organisms (SMOs) – or reprograms organisms to do things that would not naturally occur. Synbio uses a variety of techniques, including ‘printing’ synthetic DNA and inserting it into bacteria, yeasts and algae.

Download Document